The challenge of building a green data center in the age of the Internet of Things

In the current era of technology and the Internet of Things, the volume of data generated is increasing, creating “atomic pressure” on infrastructure, including storage infrastructure, connectivity …

A long shot of a server room

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According to data released at the “Data Center & Cloud Infrastructure Summit 2023”, the data center market in Vietnam compared to population size, business size and compared to other countries in the region, not to mention the world, is at a very small level. In terms of quantity, we currently have less than 30 commercial data centers, new electricity consumption is 0.2% of total consumption, while for countries, the average electricity consumption for data centers is about 2-3%, especially Singapore is 7%.


In terms of size, data centers in Vietnam are only 1/15 of Singapore, 1/5 of Thailand is 1/2 of Malaysia, while its population ranks 13th in the world. Business potential and demand to promote digital transformation and digital data are many. However, digital infrastructure has not kept pace with the needs and potential of the data center market. In Vietnam, the characteristics of the data center market are scattered in organizations and businesses.

Vietnamese enterprises are also entering the stage of starting to be aware of the current data center model. Because, when data is stored distributed in businesses and organizations, the pressures of information security, operational risks, and even the risk pyramid of not keeping up with technology will arise. When renting a data center, professional vendors will have dedicated teams, technology skills are honed and certification systems are constantly upgraded, technology is refreshed every 5 years and invested in security systems and human resources.

While with the current state of dispersion, businesses must be highly aware and equip themselves with knowledge of data center technology, resources, and even dealing with attacks. Because there are a lot of risks that can happen with data and Vietnam is one of the countries that is in the most vulnerable and vulnerable market group.

In the current era of technology and the Internet of Things, the volume of data generated is increasing. To illustrate the huge amount of data, Mr. Hoang Van Ngoc, CEO of Viettel IDC, gave a picture of the data generated within one minute of five billion people around the world. It is a huge amount of data connected, shared on many platforms with millions of searches on Google, millions of photos interacted on platforms like TikTok, Instagram … for a minute. It is predicted that by 2025, in developed countries around the world, there will be a data-related interaction every 18 seconds.

If 1 minute generates terabytes of such data, then a day with 1440 minutes and a year with more than half a million minutes, will generate trillions and billions of terabytes of data, a huge volume of data. This creates “atomic pressure” on infrastructure, including storage infrastructure, connectivity infrastructure” Ngoc said.


Data centers are now under pressure to reduce their carbon footprint, which is becoming the norm. Mr. Hoang Van Ngoc said that some large customers in the world when raising the issue of renting a data center have begun to make requirements related to green standards, which are optimizing energy and reducing carbon emissions.

A green data center can be understood as a data storage, management and dissemination repository, in which mechanical, lighting, electrical and computer systems are designed to maximize energy efficiency and minimize environmental impact. The construction and operation of green data centers includes advanced technologies and strategies.

Building and certifying a green data center can be costly initially, but can save long-term costs when operating and maintaining. Another advantage is that green facilities provide employees with a healthy, comfortable working environment. Green facilities also strengthen ties with local communities.

Environmentalists and the public are increasingly putting pressure on businesses and organizations to build green data centers. According to the Storage Network Industry Association, energy consumption is one of the highest costs of a data center. It’s also one of the top 10 issues that worry data center operators.


The advantages of green data centers are reduced space requirements, reduced carbon footprint, reduced long-term operating costs, and reduced water use and emissions. Therefore, companies are partnering with renewable energy suppliers. In addition, investments are also made in technology to monitor carbon emissions, improve efficiency, and improve the water use of data centers.

With middle tâ m green data, businesses must bear the costs of Phí higher CAPEX investment, but vice versa, ph&iacute costs; OPEX activity will be lowerWith green data centers, businesses incur higher CAPEX investment costs, but conversely, OPEX operating costs will be lower

Adopting a green approach to environmental and energy management of data centers can be a significant investment. Over time, however, these data centers offer many benefits. According to Mr. Ngoc’s explanation, green data centers will cause businesses to incur certain costs. Specifically, CAPEX investment costs will be higher, businesses have to invest more initially in technology, but on the contrary, OPEX operating costs will be lower, because with green data centers, businesses can save energy, consume less electricity, automated operation monitoring activities,  As a result, manpower costs are also reduced.

In addition, it is worth noting that upgrading and repairing old data centers to become a green data center will be quite expensive, time-consuming and difficult to achieve green standards. That’s a challenge for legacy data centers. That will cost even more than building a new and green data center in the first place.

However, businesses cannot easily abandon the old data center because they have to calculate cost optimization, cash flow optimization and even profit to feed the apparatus. There are data centers that are time to get rid of but there are data centers that can’t be abandoned, because it involves a lot of factors such as infrastructure, connectivity, customer data, etc. Therefore, businesses must fully consider factors before deciding.

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